This word comes from the Greek and expresses the idea of a "surrounding movement".

In physiology, peristaltic movements refer to all the muscular muscle contractions that allow the progression of a food content inside within a hollow organ such as the intestine, for example.

In a normal state, this movement always moves inhas the same direction. 



Pressure : fast superficial sliding pressure

This manoeuvre is especially used to stimulate circulatory venous return. And it works very well. 

It can be used on any part of the body, but it is especially effective on flexion creases.

Therefore, you can easily integrate it into any type of massage or protocol by working particularly on the popliteal fossa (posterior part of the knee), the groin crease, the elbow crease and the armpit. 

This manoeuvre is usually performed with the dorsal part of the fingers. It is also possible to use the fingertips, but the stimulating effect is generally less intense.


Pressure : Deep sliding pressure

This massage technique is essentially and deeply relaxing.

It also allows a drainage of fluids and toxins that may stagnate in the deep structures of the body. 

It is a fundamental manoeuvre for the proper execution of a massage.

It is most often preceded by a slow superficial sliding pressure. The hands (or forearms) are placed flat on the client's skin, offering as much contact as possible. Pressure is maintained throughout the sliding movement. Relaxation is gradual. The manoeuvre must be slow, deep and repeated in order to have a relaxing effect. This technique also allows for drainage and removal of toxins from the deep tissues of the body.

Deep sliding pressure can also be performed more quickly, thereby having a stimulating and warming effect. This is the case, for example, with sports massages.



This is the ability of certain plants to clear the ambient air of suspended chemicals. 

This phenomenon was identified in the late 1980s by a US researcher who worked at NASA, Dr. Bill Wolverton. As a microbiologist and a chemist, this environmental specialist was looking for a solution to clean up the air in future orbital stations. This work has since then been taken up and confirmed by many other researchers around the world.

This work has revealed that some plants have an astonishing capacity to absorb air pollutants. We now know that more than fifty tested plants make it possible to purify the air in a room by their presence alone. And they are not rare plants: most of them are classically used for interior decoration purposes in our flats and houses.

The air quality in the rooms where we live or work can therefore be improved by plants that are very easy to obtain.


Anatomical planes

When we learn a massage protocol, we must be able to find our way around the body in order to know where our hands are and in which direction they move.

In anatomy, there are three planes that allow us to locate the body in space.

The horizontal plane cuts divides the body at the navel along the horizon line. This plane allows us to define what is high top and what is lowbottom. 

The frontal plane cuts divides the body through both ears into two vertical halves. This plan allows us to locate what is ahead front and what is behindback.

The sagital or median plane cuts divides the body vertically through the nose. This plan allows us to say identify what is internal or and what is external.

To knowLearn more about it 

It may happen that you proveYou might find massage courses or protocols that use the international nameterminology. In this that case, we are talkingtalk about:

High Top = Cranial

Low Bottom = Caudal

Internal = Median

External = Lateral

Before Front = BeforeAnterior

Back = BackwardPosterior


Recovery position

It can happen that in your spa or beauty salon, a person loses consciousness and lies on the floor.

It is usually recommended not to move a person in this situation because doing so might aggravate an injury. It is however imperative not to let someone who would be unconscious and breathing lying on their back.

The risk for the person is that their tongue moves too far back and prevents air from flowing normally into the lungs. Another possible risk is that if vomiting occurs, the person may choke too.

Recovery position allows to place the victim on their side, with their head slightly backwards, their mouth open and turned towards the ground in order to avoid any risk of suffocation. Make regularly sure that the person is breathing and ask that someone calls emergency services.

If you notice that the person is not breathing, put them back on their back to start CPR.



Pelvic retroversion

Pelvic retroversion corresponds to a movement of the iliac bones and the sacrum. You can see this movement very clearly when a person lying on their back press their lumbar vertebrae against the floor. This is often a basic position in stretching and yoga exercises.

During pelvic retroversion:

  • the lumbar lordosis decreases and the lower back therefore looks less "hollow";
  • the pubis moves up and forward;
  • the sacral plateau horizontalises.

In order to retrovert the pelvis, several muscle groups are used, such as the abdominal muscles (and especially the Rectus Abdominis) or the hamstring group.


Beauty and massage treatments are rarely the cause of nosebleeds. It can however happen that someone in your Spa or Beauty Salon gets a nosebleed. In general, it is nothing serious.

This may be due to an irritation or a local fragility of blood vessels.

The use of tobacco or of certain drugs may be involved, as may certain diseases and medical treatments.

If a client, or someone close to, has a nosebleed, the right thing to do is to tilt their head forward. Never backward.

In this position, blood will naturally flow out of the nose and will not flow down the throat and be swallowedand cause nausea or diarrohea. Do not lay the person down either. Keeping the nose higher than the heart will slow the bleeding down.

Simply ask the person to pinch their nose between their thumb and their forefinger just below the hard part (under the clean bones of their nose). Ask them to keep this pressure at least for five minutes and then gently loosen it and not move for a few minutes so as not to accelerate blood circulation. It may be necessary to do it once again.

If the bleeding does not stop, encourage the person to consult a doctor.



Of Scandinavian origin, the practice of Sauna allows the body to be bathed in dry heat. That heat is brought in by a stove on which are placed volcanic stones that will be very highly heated up. During the session, water is poured on these stones with the addition of eucalyptus essential oil and sometimes thyme.

Traditionally, the word “sauna” refers to both the practice and the wooden cabin in which temperature rises up to between 80 and 100 °C.

Remaining bathed in overheated air for several minutes causes sweating, which will eliminate some of the toxins through perspiration. Ideally, the person alternates between sweating and relaxing in the sauna and cool showers. 

It is essential to be well hydrated after a sauna session.


X Scanner

The X-ray scanner is a medical imaging technique that provides a precise view of the shape and quality of body tissues.

This technique is also called "computed tomography". It consists in measuring the difference in X-ray absorption by the patient's tissues. Measurements are then grouped together by a complex computer system in order to be translated into images.

A very detailed view of the body

These images allow to see tissues, organs, joints, etc. They are used to diagnose a possible disease and to monitor the progress of its treatment.

Unlike a simple X-ray, which remains a "photo", a scanner makes it possible to reconstruct 2D and 3D images of anatomical structures.

And this difference comes from the technique that is used. While radiography is a basic image, scanner offers a volume image. However, both use the same source: X-rays.



Stress is an integral part of life. It is even an essential reaction to preserve it because it is an adaptive response of our body to what feels to it like an aggression from its environment.

The excess of this feeling is what gives it its pejorative connotation and has brought it to the forefront in recent years.

Its first description was formulated by Hans Selye, a Canadian physiologist, in the early 20th century. He was the first to describe the relationship between a sudden evolution of the environment that is experienced as aggressive by the organism, and a whole series of physiological changes. These changes are particularly controlled by hormones synthesised in large quantities when the stressful event happens. These physiological changes are at first beneficial because they allow the body to react and adapt. What makes stress harmful is the regular, even multi-daily repetition of this feeling. This leads adaptation mechanisms to speed up and a metabolic as well as physiological and psychological exhaustion of the individual who is subjected to it.

The usual outward signs of a stress that becomes chronic are usually fatigue, irritability and anxiety, and sleep and concentration disorders. Cognitive or learning faculties may also be affected. Physically, there are muscle tensions, headaches, digestive disorders and sometimes a lower resistance to infectious agents. The manifestations of stress are sometimes more insidious and are actually very variable from one subject to another.

Wellness professionals are at the forefront when it comes to providing relief, relaxation and preventive solutions to better manage the effects of stress.




Taurine is a naturally occurring stimulant found mainly in the brain, muscles and retina of the eye. 

The word "taurine" comes from the Latin "taurus" which means "bull", because it was initially discovered in bull bile. It is present in protein-rich foods (meat and fish) and in recent years, in significant quantities in some energy drinks, combined with caffeine.

The consumption of these drinks, especially when it is regular, presents the risk of a change in heart rate, blood pressure and digestive functions. These drinks increase alertness, but can also cause agitation and loss of reference points that can lead to risky behaviour.

People with sleep disorders, known epileptic syndromes, thyroid dysfunction or heart rhythm disorders should avoid these types of drinks.


A surfactant is a chemical compound that reduces the surface tension of the liquid in which it is mixed.

The advantage of reducing that surface tension is that it increases the wetting power.

This process will be used to form foams and emulsions that will thereby make it easier to transport hydrophobic molecules in water.


Trapeze - Trapezius

Trepezius muscles accumulate a lot of our mechanical and stress-related tensions. Desktop/computer work positions put a lot of strain on them, and, as a result, they are very often very tense and painful. It is therefore an area that requires you to pay careful attention during massages.

The tension of Trapezius leads to a shoulder elevation that is not always symmetrical. Relaxation exercises accompanied by appropriate breathing help to become aware of them and to relax them.

The right and left Trapezius muscles cover the entire upper back, the area between the shoulder blades and the back of the neck.

When contracting, the Trapezius muscle raises the whole shoulder area and pulls the scapula towards the spine. Each bundle has a more specific action depending on the direction of the muscle fibres that make it up.

Learn more about it

A Trapezius muscle consists of three parts, also called bundles:

  • the upper bundle, which extends from the occiput and the neck ligament to the clavicle;
  • the middle bundle, which extends from the first four thoracic vertebrae to the acromion of the scapula;
  • the lower bundle, which extends from the 5th to 12th thoracic vertebrae to the spine of the scapula.



An X-ray is an electromagnetic wave, i.e. an energy that is naturally produced in the universe and that moves through space. Medical X-rays are somehow "harnessed" to be produced on demand and with a precise and acceptable dosage (quantity) so as not to harm the body tissues through which they pass.

The principle is to deliver X-rays with the right dosage and collect them on a receptor. It is kind of like you would do it with light on a photographic plate. In a scanner, the patient’s body is placed on a table that moves very slowly. At the same time, the X-ray emitter and the receptor rotate around the patient’s body.

In the end, we will get images "measuring" the "density" of "slices" of the body. Hence the name "tomo-densito-metry": to measure the "cut" density of the body (from the Greek "tomos", which means "cut").

The different tissues in the body do not retain X-rays in the same way. A very dense bone will retain them much more than an organ, for example. This translates into black and white images, or rather "greyscale" images, that you know well.